Background about the Israeli kibbutz movement. "The kibbutz (Hebrew word for 'communal settlement') is a unique rural community ... based on the principle of joint ownership." The first kibbutzim "(plural of 'kibbutz') were founded some 40 years before the establishment of the State of Israel (1948)." Includes data on population, and material on organization, types of work, raising children, traditions, and the future. From the Jewish Virtual Library.