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In January 2010, the LII Newsletter was renamed
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LII New This Week
New This Week for June 28, 2007
This Week
Enjoy the new crop, which includes the 50th anniversary of the International "G.O. Fizzickle" Year, decorative lifeguard towers, the Vatican's safe-driving commandments, and what gives fireworks their fizz, and we republish some of our favorite sites about the Fourth of July and fireworks safety. Bon appetit from librarians Charlotte, Maria, Jennifer, and Wendy.

Tip of the Week
Next week is one of our semi-annual nonpublishing breaks, when we're busy with behind-the-scenes organization and maintenance. We thank you for reading "New this Week" and wish you all a happy and safe Fourth. The next newsletter will be out on July 12, 2007.
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Arts and Humanities

A Capitol Fourth: America's Independence Day Celebration
The companion website for the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) broadcast of this Fourth of July concert held in Washington, D.C., features Fourth of July history, celebrity reflections and presidential remarks about patriotism, and activities such as a quiz, create-your-own online fireworks, and tips on photographing fireworks. Also includes concert highlights, performer interviews, and photos.
URL: http://www.pbs.org/capitolfourth/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24060

Rare Book Room
This "educational site [is] intended to allow the visitor to examine and read some of the great books of the world." Includes digitized facsimiles of "some of the great books in science, including books by Galileo, Newton, Copernicus, Kepler, Einstein, [and] Darwin"; most of the Shakespeare Quartos; musical scores by Beethoven and Mozart; the 1455 Gutenberg Bible held by the Library of Congress; and many more. Searchable, or browsable by topic, author, or library.
URL: http://www.rarebookroom.org/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/23925

Business

2007 World's Most Ethical Companies
This ranking arose from an evaluation of "more than 5,000 companies across 30 separate industries looking for true ethical leadership" in areas such as litigation and conflict resolution, corporate citizenship, pan-industry participation, and governance. Includes a description of methodology, a list of winning companies, and brief additional material about selected winners. From Ethisphere Magazine.
URL: http://ethisphere.com/2007-worlds-most-ethical-companies/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24074

American Red Cross: Lifeguarding
Links to local Red Cross organizations that provide lifeguard education and certification opportunities. Also includes a list of sites that post lifeguarding jobs, a list of local lifeguard competitions, and stories of Red Cross-trained lifeguards who have saved the lives of others. From the American National Red Cross.
URL: http://www.redcross.org/services/hss/aquatics/lifegard.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24024

Government

Central Intelligence Agency: FOIA Electronic Reading Room
This site provides "an overview of access to CIA information, including electronic access to previously released documents." Features specific documents such as a report on Iraq's weapons of mass destruction (WMD), and special collections such as "the 'Family Jewels,' [which] consists of ... responses from CIA employees to a 1973 directive ... asking them to report activities they thought might be inconsistent with the Agency's charter." From the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
URL: http://www.foia.cia.gov
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/23008

Health

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Index (CAM)
Collection of material about different types of CAM, such as acupuncture, biofeedback, herbal medicine, hypnotherapy, massage, and yoga. Includes discussions of conditions (by organ and symptoms), and drug, herb, and supplement interactions and uses. From the University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC).
URL: http://www.umm.edu/altmed/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24077

The National Council on Fireworks Safety
The site has general fireworks safety information, as well as tips for public fireworks displays and choosing safe fireworks. Also find classroom materials, public service announcements (PSAs), a synopsis of state laws relating to fireworks, injury statistics, and emergency response information. From a nonprofit organization "dedicated to the safe enjoyment of fireworks in the United States."
URL: http://www.fireworksafety.com/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/11095

Home & Housing

Miami Beach Life Design: History
This section of a website for a competition to design lifeguard towers for Miami Beach, Florida, includes images of towers already in use. Features images of towers designed after Hurricane Andrew by architect William Lane and others. The colorful lifeguard towers of Miami Beach "have transcended the usual role of comfort and safety to become visual icons."
URL: http://www.mblifedesign.org/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24010

Ready Reference & Quick Facts

Fourth of July Celebrations Database
Find "selected examples of Fourth of July celebrations that have occurred throughout our nation's history" since 1776. This site also describes the formalizing of the Independence Day holiday, and provides chronologies, stories, and speeches. Includes links to some events scheduled for the Fourth of July in the current calendar year. From American University librarian James R. Heintze.
URL: http://gurukul.american.edu/heintze/fourth.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/5937

Today in History: July 4
A brief history of the holiday also known as Independence Day, which observes the day in 1776 when "the Second Continental Congress unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence." Includes speeches, music, photos, and links to related topics. From the American Memory Project of the Library of Congress.
URL: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jul04.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/9496

Recreation

National Veterans Wheelchair Games
Website for this early summer "multi-event sports and rehabilitation program for military service veterans who use wheelchairs for sports competition due to spinal cord injuries, amputations, or certain neurological problems. ... [It] is the largest annual wheelchair sports event in the world." Features a fact sheet, event rules and results, background about participants, and a photo gallery. Also includes a presentation on "Wheelchair Etiquette for non-Wheelchair Users." From the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.
URL: http://www1.va.gov/vetevent/nvwg/2008/default.cfm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24073

Regional: California

Aquatic Safety in California State Parks
Material about lifeguarding, ocean and boat safety, and related aquatic recreation topics. Features a history and timeline of lifeguarding in California, material about requirements for applying for state open-water lifesaving jobs, and tips for ocean safety, safe boating, and sun safety. Also includes a lifeguard training video and list of California State Parks lifeguard and aquatic safety programs throughout the state. From California State Parks.
URL: http://www.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=23754
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24022

California Solutions for Global Warming
Website from the supporters of the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, "California's first-in-the-nation laws to stop global warming," and related legislation. Features background about a package of bills signed into law in September 2006 designed "to reduce California’s emissions of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping pollution," reports about global warming and clean energy solutions, links to news, and more. In English and Spanish. From Environmental Defense and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).
URL: http://www.solutionsforglobalwarming.com/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24071

Regions of the World

Ancient Gold Center Discovered on the Nile
June 2007 article about the discovery of "evidence of large-scale gold extraction in the ancient Nubian kingdom of Kush [that] has been found along the Nile River. ... The discovery is part of a race to save as many antiquities as possible before a dam inundates a hundred-mile (160-kilometer) stretch of the Nile in northern Sudan." Includes photos and links to related material. From National Geographic News.
URL: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/06/070619-gold-nile.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24075

Indigenous Australia
"This site explores Indigenous Australia through storytelling, cultures and histories. ... You can also use this site to find out about the Indigenous Australia exhibition at the Australian Museum." Features timelines, audio and video clips of stories from the cultures of indigenous Australians, a virtual tour of the museum exhibit (may not work in all browsers), and essays about cultural heritage, spirituality, family, land, and social justice. From the Australian Museum.
URL: http://www.dreamtime.net.au/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24058

Scott Base 1957-2007
Website for the 50th anniversary of Scott Base, established in 1957 by Sir Edmund Hillary to support New Zealand-led research in Antarctica. Includes key dates in the history of the base, which was the site of International Geophysical Year (IGY) observations and the ending point for the 1958 Trans-Antarctic Expedition. Provides a FAQ, several photo galleries, and listings of anniversary events. From Antarctica New Zealand, a New Zealand government agency.
URL: http://www.scottbase50years.co.nz/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24053

Tynwald Day
"Tynwald Fair Day, held annually on old midsummer's day in July is the Isle of Man's national day and is the occasion of the Tynwald Midsummer Court. The Members of Tynwald -- the Manx parliament -- meet at St John's village in the west of the Island for the ceremony." The site features video clips of royal visits to the ceremony and brief background about the event. From the Isle of Man Government.
URL: http://www.gov.im/isleofman/tynwaldday.xml
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24049

Science

Chemical of the Week: Fireworks
This explanation of the chemistry of fireworks discusses the compounds that produce specific colors of fireworks, the production and ignition of fireworks, the reactions (oxidations and reductions) that cause the explosions, fireworks safety, and the origins of gunpowder. From a chemistry professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.
URL: http://scifun.chem.wisc.edu/chemweek/fireworks/fireworks.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24061

The International Geophysical Year
Essay and photo galleries related to the International Geophysical Year (IGY), "a comprehensive series of global geophysical activities to span the period July 1957-December 1958." Gallery topics include Antarctica, cosmic rays, glaciology, Earth satellites, rocketry, and more. Includes images and information about the IGY postage stamp issued by the U.S. From the National Academy of Sciences.
URL: http://www7.nationalacademies.org/archives/igyhistory.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24051

International Geophysical Year (IGY)
Collection of documents relating to the International Geophysical Year (July 1957-December 1958), "an international cooperative scientific program ... conducted to study the earth and its environment ... which led to the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belts around planets, the theory of plate tectonics, exploration of outer space, construction of earth satellites, and increased research in the Arctic and Antarctic polar regions." Includes hearings, reports, and more. From the Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum.
URL: http://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/Research/Digital_Documents/IGY/IGYd...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24052

Rockets, Radar, and Computers: The International Geophysical Year
Illustrated overview of the 1957-1958 International Geophysical Year (IGY), "an international effort to coordinate the collection of geophysical data from around the world," focusing on the IGY's legacy at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Includes discussion of the 1957 Soviet launch of the first Earth satellite, Sputnik, using a military intercontinental ballistic missile, and the accompanying "'crisis' [that] overshadowed the other activities of the IGY." From NOAA.
URL: http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/magazine/igy/welcome.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24055

Society & Social Science

Australian Indigenous People: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Inhabitants of Australia
Extensive collection of links to websites related to indigenous populations in Australia. Topics include biographies, art and artists, writers, community leaders, music, politicians, athletes, culture, history, language, reconciliation, land rights, sacred sites, and more. From the P.L. Duffy Resource Centre, Trinity College, Western Australia.
URL: http://www.trinity.wa.edu.au/plduffyrc/indig/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24059

Document of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People: "Guidelines for the Pastoral Care of the Road"
This June 2007 document features at paragraph 61 a "Drivers' 'Ten Commandments'" that is designed to promote courteous and safe behavior while on the road. Includes background about how the commandments were developed, such as on the moral aspects of driving and Christian virtues related to driving. Also includes material about "street women" (prostitutes), street children, and homeless people. Available in several languages. From the Vatican.
URL: http://212.77.1.245/news_services/bulletin/news/20451.php?index=20451&...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24072

National NAIDOC
"NAIDOC celebrations are held around Australia in the first full week in July to celebrate the history, culture and achievements of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people." The site features a history of NAIDOC, lists of individual award winners back to 1985, images of posters back to 1972, and related material. ("NAIDOC originally stood for 'National Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee'. ... [Its] acronym has become the name of the week itself.")
URL: http://www.naidoc.org.au
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24057


LII New This Week

Thanks for reading LII New This Week!

Jennifer English, Liaison to Califa Library Group
Wendy Hyman, Senior Editor
Maria Brandt, Associate Editor
Charlotte Bagby, Senior Weeder