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In January 2010, the LII Newsletter was renamed
"The Link: The Official Newsletter of the ipl2" and
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LII New This Week
New This Week for April 6, 2006
This Week
This week cotton up to websites about fashion, Whitman, small business, big secrets, faith and health, pickles, proms, ping-pong, public domain works, women firefighters, online Haggadahs, and gardening. Bon appetit from the LII librarians: Karen, Wendy, Jennifer, Maria, Pat, Charlotte, and Tom.

Tip of the Week
This week we offer the full results from the LII 2006 user survey. Those of you who took the survey were able to see the results in progress, but this is a more holistic view (though without analyses or the ability to cross-tabulate). We coded our user budget suggestions last week and will offer an analysis shortly. In answer to many enquiries, you are more than welcome to borrow our survey questions for your own use.
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Arts and Humanities

Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project
Digital collection of over 6,000 cylinder recordings from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. "Cylinder recordings, the first commercially produced sound recordings, are a snapshot of musical and popular culture in the decades around the turn of the 20th century." Searchable by keyword, or browsable by performer, title, issue number/label, or year of release. Includes a history of cylinder recordings and cylinder radio shows. From the University of California, Santa Barbara Library.
URL: http://cylinders.library.ucsb.edu
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21094

The Eggcorn Database
Use this site to explore hundreds of "eggcorns" -- homophone substitutions with their own peculiar logic, such as "cut to the cheese," "preying mantis," or "squirmish." The site maintainer is a hobbyist who closely follows linguistics blogs. RSS newsfeed available.
URL: http://eggcorns.lascribe.net/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21132

History's Closet: Everything From Aprons to Zippers
This site provides annotated images of selected items from the holdings of a U.S. fashion history collection, such as basketball uniforms and bathing suits, hats, prom dresses, and a yashmak. From the Emily P. Reynolds Historic Costume Collection at North Dakota State University.
URL: http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/ercc/exhibitions/histcloset.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21116

Poet at Work: Walt Whitman Notebooks 1850s-1860s
"This collection offers access to the four Walt Whitman Notebooks and a cardboard butterfly that disappeared from the Library of Congress in 1942. They were returned on February 24, 1995." Includes related essays about the location of the missing notebooks and the preservation of the notebooks, and a gallery showing the conservation process. From the American Memory Project of the Library of Congress.
URL: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/whitman/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21129

Business

Market Segmentation: A Guide to Sources of Information
"This guide includes books and other resources that discuss marketing to particular segments of the population along with other sources that are important in determining the size and power of a particular market segment." Some of the market segments covered include generational (such as baby boomers and Generation X), ethnicity, geographic, gender, gay and lesbian, and lifestyle. From the Library of Congress, Business Reference Services.
URL: http://www.loc.gov/rr/business/marketing/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21059

U.S. Census Bureau Facts for Features: Small Business Week
Collection of statistics to celebrate this week (observed in April) for small business owners and employees. Includes data on number of businesses, gross receipts, small business industries with high growth rates, number of employees, and related topics. From the U.S. Census Bureau.
URL: http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_fe...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21101

Computers

Web 2.0 Awards
Awards for websites excelling in "Web 2.0" capabilities, such as "user empowerment and open-source applications online." Includes descriptions and rankings of the winning sites (in areas such as social networking and tagging), selection criteria, and an essay. Librarian Gary Price was one of the judges. Sponsored by an Internet marketing company.
URL: http://www.seomoz.org/web2.0/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21133

Government

opensecrets.org: Lobbying Database
Find data on expenditures of lobbying firms and lobbyists to Congress and other government agencies. Search by lobby firm or lobbyist name, industry (such as defense or agribusiness), issue (budget, trade, and others), or government agency. Data goes back to 1998. From the Center for Responsive Politics, "a non-partisan, non-profit research group ... that tracks money in politics, and its effect on elections and public policy."
URL: http://www.opensecrets.org/lobbyists/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21097

Public Libraries Briefcase: Finding & Using Public Records
March 2006 overview of sources for public records, "'records maintained by government agencies that are open without restriction to public inspection either by statute or by tradition.' ... Public records are most frequently used to find information about businesses, such as financial condition, or about people, such as background checks." Includes annotated links to starting points for locating public records. From the Business Reference and Services Section (BRASS) of the American Library Association (ALA).
URL: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/rusa/sections/brass/brasspubs/publib...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21103

Health

Center for Spirituality, Theology and Health: Research and Publications
Research reports on the health effects of religious beliefs and practices. Topics range from the effects of religious attendance and prayer, to religious coping and disease, religion in hospital patients, and religion and immune function. From the Center for Spirituality, Theology and Health, a program based in the Center for Aging at Duke University Medical Center.
URL: http://www.spiritualityandhealth.duke.edu/publications/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21121

EndocrineWeb.com: Endocrine Disorders & Endocrine Surgery
Collection of essays about the endocrine system (which includes hormone-secreting glands such as the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands, and pancreas), diseases of the endocrine system, surgical procedures and other treatment options, and related topics. Includes basic materials on osteoporosis and diabetes (some sections under construction). From surgeons specializing in parathyroid disease.
URL: http://www.endocrineweb.com/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20976

IFPMA Clinical Trials Portal
This site allows users to search for details of ongoing clinical trials and results of completed trials. It "establishes links to IFPMA member company websites as well as other commercial and government-sponsored websites containing information on clinical trials provided by pharmaceutical companies." Includes search tips, a FAQ, a glossary, and press releases. From the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations (IFPMA), "a non-profit, non-governmental Organization (NGO) representing national industry associations and companies."
URL: http://clinicaltrials.ifpma.org/no_cache/en/myportal
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20790

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD): Dysphagia
Brief questions and answers about the causes of and treatments for dysphagia. "People with dysphagia have difficulty swallowing and may also experience pain while swallowing. Some people may be completely unable to swallow or may have trouble swallowing liquids, foods, or saliva. Eating then becomes a challenge." From the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
URL: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/voice/dysph.asp
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21104

News in Health
This monthly electronic newsletter presents "practical health information" about ongoing research at the National Institutes of Health. Topics include healthy eating, aging, disease prevention, safety, drugs and medications, specific diseases (such as diabetes and asthma), and more. Free email subscription. Archives go back to April 2005.
URL: http://newsinhealth.nih.gov
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21128

Spirituality and Medicine
This article, written for physicians, centers on ethical topics related to religious beliefs and practices of medical patients. Topics include the pervasiveness of religious belief, the importance of spirituality in medicine, how to take a spiritual history, respect of patients' religious beliefs, and more. From Ethics in Medicine, a project of the University of Washington School of Medicine.
URL: http://depts.washington.edu/bioethx/topics/spirit.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21118

Home & Housing

The Accidental Scientist: Science of Cooking: Pickles
Learn about the science behind pickling, "the ancient culinary craft of preserving foods in salt brine or vinegar." The site explores the science behind how a cucumber becomes a pickle, and provides an international pickle gallery (kimchi, chutney, pickled eggs, pickled herring), pickle facts, and pickle recipes (fried dill pickles, ceviche) and pickling tips. Also includes a discussion forum. From the Exploratorium.
URL: http://www.exploratorium.edu/cooking/pickles/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21138

A Taste of Gardening
This series on gardening basics features sections on garden planning, planting, growing transplants (planting dates for Chicago area only), composting, insect and disease control, herbs, and harvesting and storing vegetables. Includes handy charts describing how and when to harvest vegetables and herbs, and simple diagrams of a compost pile and vegetable storage systems. From the University of Illinois Extension.
URL: http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/tog/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21130

TV-Turnoff Week
Collection of materials about keeping your television off during the last week each April. Features user suggestions and other ideas for alternative ways to entertain your family (such as games, reading, and printable activities), and tips for choosing appropriate television programming for children (covering topics such as racial segregation on television and surviving television advertising). From the Family Education Network.
URL: http://fun.familyeducation.com/television/family-time/32940.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21105

Law

Tales From the Public Domain: Bound by Law?
A comic book-style presentation that explores "the impacts of intellectual property on creativity -- specifically, documentary film." Follow the heroine as she "navigates the twists and turns of intellectual property. ... Bound By Law reaches beyond documentary film to provide a commentary on the most pressing issues facing law, art, property and an increasingly digital world of remixed culture." From the Center for the Study of the Public Domain, Duke University Law School.
URL: http://www.law.duke.edu/cspd/comics/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20932

Media

Reports: Technology & Media Use: Online News
This March 2006 report looks at trends in use of online news sites, compared with traditional news sources such as TV news and newspapers. Factors discussed include type of Internet connection, age of users, type of news sites visited, willingness to visit sites with registration and paid content, and more. From the Pew Internet & American Life Project.
URL: http://www.pewinternet.org/PPF/r/178/report_display.asp
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21061

People

911 Calls From September 11, 2001
On March 31, 2006, "New York City released partial recordings of more than nine hours of 911 calls that began pouring in on ... Sept. 11, 2001, as emergency operators struggled to comprehend the chaos unfolding at the burning World Trade Center. Find [here] several audio excerpts, a message provided by the New York Fire Department and the complete transcripts." From the website for the Washington Post.
URL: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/03/31/AR2006...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21099

Taking the Heat: The First Women Firefighters of New York City
Companion website to a documentary about female firefighters at the New York City Fire Department. Features interviews with four women firefighters, an illustrated historical timeline of women firefighters, filmmaker interview, and related readings and websites. From Independent Lens.
URL: http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/takingtheheat/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21062

Recreation

Ping-Pong Oddity
Text of an unpublished book about the U.S. table tennis team's 1971 "ping-pong diplomacy" trip to China. This trip, taken during the Nixon administration, was considered to be a turning point in improvements in U.S.-China relations. The personal account includes some photos from the trip. Part of a larger publication on the history of U.S. table tennis from USA Table Tennis, "the national organizing body for table tennis in the United States."
URL: http://www.usatt.org/articles/ppoddity01.shtml
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21098

Regional: California

1906 Earthquake Centennial
This site created for the 100-year anniversary of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire features animated ground motion simulation maps, earthquake intensity maps, computer animations of some San Francisco landmarks (such as the Golden Gate Bridge) shaking in a repeat of the 1906 earthquake, and current maps and information about the San Andreas and Hayward earthquake faults. Includes links to related sites. From the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
URL: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/nca/1906/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21096

1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire Panorama Photograph History Project
"Large panorama photograph of San Francisco on April 22, 1906," which was commissioned by the California Insurance Company, the only insurance company "to cover losses from the earthquake, even though it was not obligated to." Includes the image with and without identification labels and links. Also includes material about the provenance of this print of the photo.
URL: http://www.mirror-pole.com/sfeq/entry/sf_entry.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21087

California Cotton Ginners and Growers Associations
Find quick facts about the California cotton industry (such as acreage, production, and yield by county), news alerts about legislation and regulatory issues, a newsletter, and industry resources. From the California Cotton Ginners Association and the California Cotton Growers Association, both organizations representing the cotton industry in California.
URL: http://www.ccgga.org
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21115

San Francisco 1906 Marriage Project
"In the days and weeks following the [1906 earthquake and fire] ... newspapers all over the country were overflowing with photographs and accounts of the terrible destruction. ... [but] a unique human phenomenon was also being reported. Despite the extremely difficult circumstances surrounding them, couples were getting married, and they were doing it in record numbers." The site documents these unions through vintage articles and illustrated stories about selected couples. From San Francisco Genealogy.
URL: http://www.sfgenealogy.com/1906/06index.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21086

Regional: Washington State

Al Smith's Neighborhood
This site describes "a collection of photos from African-American photographer and Seattle resident Al Smith, who documented life in his neighborhood [the Central District of Seattle] from the 1930s to the 1980s." The site features a brief biography of the photographer and nine photos from the collection. From the Museum of History and Industry (MOHAI), Seattle.
URL: http://www.seattlehistory.org/alsmith/alsmith.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20998

From the Heart of Washington
This "federal grant-funded marketing campaign was designed to increase consumer demand for Washington state food and agricultural products." The consumer area of this website offers a recipe database, cooking advice, meet-the-grower feature, and an availability table for seasonal fruits, vegetables, salmon, and shellfish. Also includes sections for growers and retailers, and links to agriculture information for children.
URL: http://www.heartofwashington.com/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19691

Regions of the World

Bedouin Culture & Folklore
Brief introduction to this Middle Eastern nomadic group. "A Bedouin is one who was born and raised in the desert or mountain wilderness and lives alongside nature in black tents or in caves." They raise goats, sheep, donkeys, horses and camels. The site describes Bedouin camels, Arabian horses as raised by Bedouins, wedding traditions, foods, traditional costumes, and tents. From a travel agency in Jordan.
URL: http://www.nyazi.com.jo/Bedouin/bedouin.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21120

Petra: Lost City of Stone
Exhibit about the ancient city of Petra in Jordan, which "was unmarked on modern maps" until it was rediscovered in the 19th century. The site features an illustrated history of the city from its founding by Arabian nomads called the Nabataeans through its annexation by the Romans, its great earthquake in A.D. 363, and the Byzantine era. Also find photos of the present-day Bedouin of Petra. From the American Museum of Natural History.
URL: http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/petra/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21122

Science

Exploratorium Digital Library
This collection features "digital media and digitized museum materials related to interactive exhibits and scientific phenomena, including images, educational activities in PDF and html formats, QuickTime movies, streaming media, and audio files." Covers astronomy, biology, mathematics, and other scientific disciplines. From the Exploratorium, San Francisco.
URL: http://www.exploratorium.edu/educate/dl.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21093

NASA Planetary Photojournal
Thousands of images from various U.S. space exploration programs. Features images of the nine planets, moons, asteroid, comets, and other bodies; photos of spacecraft and telescopes; discussion of the missions that obtained the photos and images; and related material. Includes images such as the 2006 map of Jupiter developed during the Cassini-Huygens mission. From the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
URL: http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/3685

Teaching With Documents: Eli Whitney's Patent for the Cotton Gin
This lesson plan provides materials about the invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney, in the context of learning about U.S. patent law. Features an essay about the invention and its effects on industry and on slavery, images of the patent documents, and classroom activities. From the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
URL: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/cotton-gin-patent/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21109

USDA-ARS Cotton Ginning Research Unit
The highlight of this government website for cotton ginning research is an extensive overview of the cotton gin, the device used to separate cotton lint from seed. Includes a diagram of the cotton ginning process and illustrations of the machinery. The site also provides technical publications, a list of cotton ginning patents (since 1984), and details about the unit's research activities. From the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS).
URL: http://www.ars.usda.gov/Main/site_main.htm?modecode=64-02-30-00
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21108

Society & Social Science

The Adoption History Project
Introduction to the history of child adoption in the United States with profiles of people, organizations, topics, and studies. Features a timeline with associated essays on topics such as the 1851 passage of the first modern adoption law, opposition by the National Association of Black Social Workers to transracial adoptions, and the 2000 act that allowed foreign-born adoptees to automatically become American citizens. From a professor of history at the University of Oregon.
URL: http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~adoption/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21123

Celebration of Tomb Sweeping Day (Qing Ming Jie)
Introduction to this Chinese holiday "celebrated two weeks after the vernal equinox," in which family members visit graves "to tend to any underbrush that has grown." The site describes past and present observations of Tomb Sweeping Day, "one of the few traditional Chinese holidays that follows the solar calendar -- typically falling on April 4, 5, or 6." From the Chinese Culture Center of San Francisco.
URL: http://www.c-c-c.org/chineseculture/festival/qingming/qingming.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21131

Digital Haggadah
Audio files for the Passover Haggadah (the story of the Exodus, traditionally sung at the Seder dinner in Hebrew, as it is here). The files can be downloaded individually or as a set, or streamed from the site. The clear, well-sung tracks were recorded for the commercial website Judaism.com by Chiam Davidson, "a Pittsburgh Ba'al Tefila (leader of Synagogue services)."
URL: http://www.judaism.com/digital_haggadah/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21142

NPR Replay: The Prom
Collection of radio stories about the modern high school prom. Topics range from "bidding for a date online to building your own tux -- out of tape." From National Public Radio (NPR). The website splash page features "misty watercolored memories" of NPR personalities in prom garb.
URL: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4646126
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21111

Prom Season: What LGBTQ Youth Need to Know
Questions and answers about rights at high school proms for "lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) students." Topics include taking same-sex dates, dress codes, and dancing together. From the Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund.
URL: http://www.lambdalegal.org/our-work/publications/facts-backgrounds/pag...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21107

PromSpot: Just for Parents
Tips for parents whose high school students will be attending proms. Topics include "10 Thing You Need to Know" (such as cost, attire, and the after-prom party), how to deal with some difficult situations (such as how to keep students from drinking), and "7 Rules for Chaperoning Prom" (such as "nix the nicknames" and "leave your dancing shoes at home"). From a site that sells prom dresses.
URL: http://www.promspot.com/ps_parents.shtml
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21110

State of the World's Children
"Each year, UNICEF's flagship publication, 'The State of the World's Children,' closely examines a key issue affecting children. The report includes supporting data and statistics and is available in French and Spanish language versions." The site features reports back 1996, with themes such as excluded and invisible children (2006), education and development (2004), nutrition (1998), and children at war (1996). Also find photo galleries. From the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).
URL: http://www.unicef.org/sowc/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20939

Transracial and Transcultural Adoption
This publication addresses issues arising from adoptions "placing a child who is of one race or ethnic group with adoptive parents of another race or ethnic group." Topics include preparing for such an adoption and how to help your adopted child have a strong sense of cultural identity. From the Child Welfare Information Gateway, a service of the Children's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
URL: http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/f_trans.cfm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21124

The World's Best Prom
Companion to a 2006 documentary about the annual high school "prom mania" in Racine, Wisconsin. "The city's extravagant celebration begins with a rowdy parade where students compete for the most outrageous form of transportation ... even riding elephant-back through the city streets." The site features video clips (such as of Susan Sarandon and other celebrities sharing prom stories and historical material from the 1950s), photos, and more.
URL: http://www.worldsbestprom.com
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21113


LII New This Week

Thanks for reading LII New This Week!

Jennifer English, Liaison to Califa Library Group
Wendy Hyman, Senior Editor
Maria Brandt, Associate Editor
Charlotte Bagby, Senior Weeder