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LII New This Week
New This Week for June 15, 2006
This Week
This week enjoy charming "pawedcasts" developed for summer reading programs, and then edify yourself with websites about Weegee, Samuel Gompers, hurricanes, happiness, Hitler's bunker, disaster response centers, sarcasm, treaties, mold prevention, American history, al-Zarqawi, and nutrition for low-protein-restricted diets. Bon appetit from librarians Karen, Wendy, Pat, Jennifer, Maria, Charlotte, and Tom.

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Arts and Humanities

Agitated Images: John Heartfield and German Photomontage, 1920-1938
Background for an exhibit of works by this artist who was active "in Germany and Czechoslovakia between the two world wars, [and who] developed a unique method of appropriating and reusing photographs to powerful political effect." Includes a discussion of his development as an artist with roots in the Dada movement, and selected images such as "Adolf [Hitler], the Superman, Swallows Gold and Spouts Tin." From From the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles.
URL: http://www.getty.edu/art/exhibitions/heartfield/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21841

A Guide to World War I Materials
"This guide compiles links to World War I resources throughout the Library of Congress Web site. In addition, this guide provides links to external Web sites focusing on World War I and a bibliography containing selections for both general and younger readers." Resources include photo collections, "Today in History" pages, sheet music, radio broadcasts, and more. Compiled by Kenneth Drexler, Digital Reference Specialist at the Library of Congress.
URL: http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/wwi/wwi.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21794

Italian Life Under Fascism
This online exhibit presents annotated images of "printed items, ranging from single broadsides to large volumes" from Italy during 1920-1945. Topics include education, Mussolini's foreign adventures, Fascist propaganda, family life, Il Duce, youth organizations, women, and racial issues. From the Fry Collection at University of Wisconsin-Madison Library, Department of Special Collections.
URL: http://specialcollections.library.wisc.edu/exhibits/Fascism/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21842

Letters to Sala: A Young Woman's Life in Nazi Labor Camps
This exhibit features the letters of a Polish Jewish woman who survived five years in seven Nazi forced labor camps during World War II. "She risked her life to preserve the letters, hiding them during line-ups ... even burying them." Includes images of selected letters accompanied by historical photos and essays on topics such as the Nazi postal system and Jewish holidays. From the New York Public Library.
URL: http://www.nypl.org/research/chss/sala/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21838

Lyrical Legacy: 400 Years of American Song and Poetry
"Lyrical Legacy helps teachers explore eighteen American songs and poems from the digital collections of the Library of Congress. Each song and poem is represented by an original primary source document, along with historical background information and, in many cases, sound recordings and alternate versions." Songs are listed by time period (early America through 1968), and include titles such as "Yankee Doodle" and "You're a Grand Old Flag." From the Library of Congress.
URL: http://www.loc.gov/teachers/lyrical/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21792

Business

Business & Industry Guide: Preparing Your Business for the Unthinkable
This guide contains resources for disaster planning for businesses, including a workplace disaster supplies kit checklist and tips for developing an emergency plan and reducing potential damage. Provides links to related materials such as evacuation planning guidelines and creating a shelter-in-place (interior emergency shelter). From the American Red Cross.
URL: http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/0,1082,0_606_,00.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21816

The Funny Side of the Street
This exhibit features samples of the "Pepper...and Salt" cartoons that appeared in the Wall Street Journal starting in the 1950s. The cartoons are accompanied by brief essays about the business world and financial conditions of the decades in which they appeared. Also includes a brief history of the cartoon feature, a note on the feature from its founder, and a reading list. From the Baker Library at the Harvard Business School.
URL: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/wsj/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21839

Computers

e-Qaeda: A Special Report on How Jihadists Use the Internet and Technology to Spread Their Message
A report detailing how al Qaeda became "the first guerrilla movement in history to migrate from physical space to cyberspace" with its use of the Web as a weapon, the creation of Islamic extremist websites by a Briton, and the use of the Internet and computers by Abu Musab Zarqawi. Also includes video clips and related documents. From the Washington Post.
URL: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/custom/2005/08/05/CU20050...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21840

Government

Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation: Treaties and Agreements
Text of historic arms control agreements from the U.S. Bureau of Arms Control and the U.S. Bureau of Nonproliferation (which merged to become the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation in 2005). Some of the treaties include the Chemical Weapons Convention, the Geneva Protocol, the Open Skies Treaty, the Outer Space Treaty, and the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT I and SALT II). From the U.S. Department of State.
URL: http://www.state.gov/t/isn/trty/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21808

Primary Documents in American History
"This Web site provides links to materials digitized from the collections of the Library of Congress that supplement and enhance the study of ... crucial documents" in American history. Browse documents by era (American Revolution and new nation, expansion and reform, and Civil War and reconstruction). Document pages contain annotated links to collections, exhibits, and selected external websites. Created by Kenneth Drexler and Mark F. Hall, Digital Reference Specialists at the Library of Congress.
URL: http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/PrimDocsHome.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21793

Health

DaVita: Recipes
Collection of recipes suitable for diets of those suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes, and those undergoing kidney dialysis. Includes recipes for "low protein, low sodium, low to moderate potassium, and low phosphorus" diets and "moderate to high protein, low sodium, low potassium, and low phosphorus" diets. From a company that provides dialysis services for those diagnosed with chronic kidney failure.
URL: http://www.davita.com/recipes/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21807

Low-Protein Recipes
Collection of material about low-protein diets, which are often necessary for those whose kidneys are not functioning properly. Includes suggestions for "'extend[ing]' protein in recipes so that a small amount seems more satisfying" and modifying recipes to lower the protein content (with a few recipes). Includes links to seasoning recipes and related material about nutrition and chronic kidney disease. From the National Kidney Foundation.
URL: http://www.kidney.org/atoz/atozItem.cfm?id=89
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21805

Northwest Kidney Centers: Nutrition
Nutrition information for those suffering from kidney disease. Features a guide to good nutrition for people on dialysis (topics include regulating intake of potassium, phosphorous, and protein and meal plans), articles, and a few recipes. From Northwest Kidney Centers, a nonprofit dialysis organization.
URL: http://www.nwkidney.org/nkc/healthyLiving/livingWell/nutrition/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21809

Home & Housing

Mold Prevention Strategies and Possible Health Effects in the Aftermath of Hurricanes and Major Floods
This document, originally prepared as a response to hurricanes Katrina and Rita, "is intended to more broadly address public health concerns related to limiting exposure to mold and identifying, preventing, and managing mold-related health effects" following natural disasters and flooding. Provides background on the health effects of molds, and guidelines for assessing and cleaning up mold-contaminated buildings and household items. From the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5508a1.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21830

Law

Making Little Rocks Out of Big Rocks: Implementing Sentences to Hard Labor Without Confinement
This 2004 article discusses the use of "hard labor" as a form of punishment in the U.S. under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). Includes a history of hard labor, hierarchy of punishments, and a discussion of how implementation of a hard labor sentence works. Opens directly into a PDF file. From the Judge Advocate General's Corp, U.S. Army.
URL: http://www.jagcnet.army.mil/JAGCNETINTERNET/HOMEPAGES/AC/ARMYLAWYER.NS...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21815

Military Courts-Martial: An Overview
Text of a CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report for Congress "about how the armed forces discipline and punish those who commit crimes of violate the rules and regulations of the military." Topics include types of offenses, types of courts-martial, and review of proceedings. Opens directly in a PDF file. From the Federation of American Scientists (FAS). Note: "The Congressional Research Service does not make its publications directly available online."
URL: http://www.fas.org/man/crs/RS21850.pdf
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21813

Media

The Magazine Program of the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS)
"This document lists all magazines produced or distributed by the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS), Library of Congress, for its free reading program. These magazines are available at no charge through cooperating libraries." Listings include descriptions of the publications and format (press and digital braille, audio cassette, large print, and digital text). Includes listings for publications about cooking, music, games, hobbies, sports, health, and more. From the Library of Congress.
URL: http://www.loc.gov/nls/reference/circulars/magazines.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21822

People

Debunking Hitler: Marking the Site of the Führer's Bunker
June 2006 news article about the unveiling of an information panel that marks the location of the Berlin bunker where Adolph Hitler killed himself near the end of World War II. Also includes an interactive guide to Hitler's bunker and links to related material about World War II and the Holocaust. In English and German. From the website for the German newspaper Der Spiegel.
URL: http://www.spiegel.de/international/0,1518,420483,00.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21804

Profile: Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
Background about this Jordanian-born terrorist who was killed on "June 7, 2006, [when] U.S. forces in Iraq launched an air strike on a safe house some fifty-five miles north of Baghdad, where Zarqawi was hiding. From the Council on Foreign Relations, an "independent national membership organization and a nonpartisan center for scholars."
URL: http://www.cfr.org/publication/9866/profile.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21797

The Samuel Gompers Papers
"Samuel Gompers was the nation's leading trade unionist in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and president of the American Federation of Labor from 1886 until his death in 1924." The site features a biography and timeline, quotations, a bibliography, and selected writings. Sponsored by the University of Maryland College Park, the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the AFL-CIO.
URL: http://www.history.umd.edu/Gompers/index.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21824

Scene of the Crime: Photo by Weegee
Companion to a 2005-2006 exhibit on the photojournalist Weegee (Arthur Fellig), who is known for his crime scene photos and images of New York City nightlife in the 1930s and 1940s. Features images from the exhibition, audio clips from interviews with Weegee (explaining his unusual darkroom practices, how he beat everyone to the crime scenes, and more), and a video on Weegee's work. From the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles.
URL: http://www.getty.edu/art/exhibitions/weegee/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21803

The Thomas Hardy Association
This website about Thomas Hardy features a chronology, information about editions of his works, maps of the fictional Wessex where his stories take place, and links to related sites (such as one for his home in Dorset). From an organization founded to promote the work of this British novelist and poet, known for works such as "Tess of the d'Urbervilles" and "Far from the Madding Crowd." Some material is restricted to member use.
URL: http://www.yale.edu/hardysoc/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21817

Regional: California

California Governors Office of Emergency Services: Information for Emergency Managers
Compilation of materials of interest to emergency managers in California. Includes a guide to assist local governments in the emergency proclamation process, "Legal Guidelines for Controlling Movement of People and Property During an Emergency," the Response Information Management System (RIMS, the statewide computer system for disaster management), and Standardized Emergency Management System (SEMS) guidelines used for multi-agency and multijurisdictional emergencies. From the State of California.
URL: http://www.oes.ca.gov/Operational/OESHome.nsf/LevelTwoWithNav?OpenForm...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21811

California School Garden Network
This website features garden-based curriculum materials for California schools, covering areas such as botany, insects, cooking and nutrition, plant-based crafts, and food origins. Also includes an introduction to the benefits of school gardens, a bibliography on garden-based learning, regional contacts, and annotated links to websites about school gardens. The network is "a collaborative effort of a number of educational institutions and corporate partners."
URL: http://www.csgn.org
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21781

Early History of the California Coast
A National Park Service (NPS) travel itinerary for several dozen historic sites connected to early periods of coastal California's history. Find maps and links to individual websites for sites such as Fort Ross (founded by Russians), various missions (founded by Spaniards), Angel Island (an immigration holding station for Chinese immigrants to the United States), and the John Muir National Historic Site. From the NPS National Register of Historic Places.
URL: http://www.nps.gov/history/nR/travel/ca/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21829

A Guide for Establishing a Local Assistance Center
This 2003 document presents guidelines for setting up a local assistance center (LAC) to provide "a single facility at which individuals, families and business can access available disaster assistance programs and services." Discusses participation (by local, state, and federal agencies), operating roles and responsibilities, management, planning and operations, logistics (including site selection), and more. Opens directly into a PDF file. From the California Governors Office of Emergency Services (OES).
URL: http://www.oes.ca.gov/Operational/OESHome.nsf/PDF/A%20Guide%20for%20Es...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21812

Summer Reading "Pawedcasts"
Having a "ruff" time planning your library's summer reading program? These podcasts can add a little ear-jazz to your summer services to young people. The animal theme complements the "Paws, Claws, Scales, and Tales" theme used by the multi-state Collaborative Summer Library Program. An ear-friendly service from the California Summer Reading Program.
URL: http://www.summerreading.cla-net.org/2006/srpgpodcast.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21847

Regional: Washington State

Fossils of Washington
Fossilized plants, insects, and marine animals are featured in this pair of exhibits from Seattle's Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture. Includes images of fossilized leaves and flowers from northeast Washington state's Okanogan region. Also compares ancient invertebrates, salmon, and dolphin fossils with their modern counterparts in western Washington state. Together, these collections offer "clues to the Pacific Northwest's geologic and biologic past."
URL: http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/paleontology/wa_foss...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21719

Wine Adviser: Paul Gregutt
Seattle Times column devoted to wine reviews, Northwest wineries, and other wine-related topics. The column "[hopes to] guide people to make inspired choices, and encourage them to try as many different styles of wine as they can." Archived articles require free registration.
URL: http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/wineadviser/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21516

Regions of the World

Science

IbisEye Hurricane Tracking Service
This site uses Google Maps technology to track hurricanes and other severe weather in Florida. View storm paths, weather alerts, and neighborhood damage reports (active only during a storm). Includes weather news and storm tracks from past hurricanes back to the 1800s. Also includes a detailed help section with notes on future plans for the website. From the Herald-Tribune Media Group.
URL: http://www.ibiseye.com
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21801

Society & Social Science

The Anatomy of Sarcasm: Researchers Reveal How the Brain Handles This Complex Communication
Summary and full text of a paper that explores "the neurobiology of sarcasm and the cognitive processes underlying it by examining the performance of participants with focal lesions [brain damage] on tasks that required understanding of sarcasm and social cognition." The paper is fairly technical, but does include some introductory material about sarcasm (a form of irony). From Neuropsychology, a journal of the American Psychological Association (APA).
URL: http://www.apa.org/releases/sarcasm.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21669

The Atlantic Ideas Tour
This site celebrates the 150th anniversary (in 2007) of the Atlantic Monthly magazine. It features a brief history of this publication founded by New England intellectuals, background about famous contributors (such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Julia Ward Howe, and Vladimir Nabokov), and selected articles on topics such as idealism and practicality, women's rights, nature and environment, civil rights, and politics and presidents.
URL: http://www.theatlantic.com/ideastour/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21796

Building and Fire Safety Investigations
Results of some of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) investigations of major building failures in the U.S. Includes reports on the performance of physical structures in Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, the Station nightclub fire in Rhode Island (2003), and the 2001 World Trade Center fire and building collapses. Also provides an overview of the NIST program.
URL: http://www.bfrl.nist.gov/investigations/investigations.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21828

Center for Retirement Research: Publications
Collection of policy briefs, working papers, and other publications about retirement. Topics include Social Security, private pension plans, retirement savings, work and retirement, health, and international issues. Browse by subject or date (publications go back to 1999). From the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College.
URL: http://crr.bc.edu/publications/publications.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21806

The Disaster Operations Center: The Hub of American Red Cross Disaster Relief
This article provides an overview of the American Red Cross Disaster Operations Center (DOC) in Virginia, the 24-hour hub of the organization whose purpose is "to acquire information about a disaster ... and to acquire and assign resources for the relief effort." Includes details about how the center is set up (includes a few photos) and functions and components of the center. From the American Red Cross.
URL: http://www.redcross.org/news/ds/doc/010221a.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21818

FEMA: Emergency Managers and Personnel
Government documents and details about programs for emergency managers. Includes recent and archived situation reports, links to government programs, and best practices. From the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
URL: http://www.fema.gov/emergency/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21814

The Happiness Formula
Companion to a series of BBC programs that explores the causes of human happiness. Features video clips and stories on levels of happiness throughout our lives, and happiness and public policy, politics, diversity, the use of cyberspace, and more, Includes reader-supplied tips for happiness and a quiz that measures how happy you are. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21779

Lecture Notes, Germany and Europe, 1871-1945
Overview of political history in Germany from the foundation of the German Empire in 1871 through the World Wars. Topics include the road to national unification, the Bismarckian empire, the Weimer Republic and the Treaty of Versailles, the rise of Nazis and Hitler, a comparison between national socialism and fascism in Mussolini's Italy, and more. Includes links to primary source documents. From a history professor at Colby College in Maine.
URL: http://www.colby.edu/personal/r/rmscheck/Contents.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21827


LII New This Week

Thanks for reading LII New This Week!

Jennifer English, Liaison to Califa Library Group
Wendy Hyman, Senior Editor
Maria Brandt, Associate Editor
Charlotte Bagby, Senior Weeder