Illinois

Map of US with Illinois highlighted

  • Just the Facts
  • Encyclopedias & Almanacs
  • State Links
  • Did You Know
  • State's Famous People
Abbreviation IL
Source: United States Postal Service - Abbreviations
Capital Springfield
Population 12,830,632
Source: 2010 Demographic Profile -- U.S. Census Bureau
Governor Patrick J. Quinn (Democrat, to January 2015)
Entered the Union December 3, 1818
as the 21st state
Motto State sovereignty, national union
Nicknames The Prairie State, The Land of Lincoln
Flower Violet
Bird Cardinal
Song Illinois
Professional Sports Teams Chicago Bulls (Men's Basketball); Chicago Bears (Football); Chicago White Sox, Chicago Cubs (Baseball); Chicago Blackhawks (Hockey); Chicago Fire (Soccer); Chicago Sky (Women's Basketball)
(sports listing policy)
Origin of Name From an Indian word and French suffix, meaning "tribe of superior men"
Historical Sites Lincoln Home and Tomb, Old State capital, Bishop Hill, Cahokia Mounds, Illinois and Michigan National Heritage Corridor, Nauvoo, Ulysses S. Grant Home
Points of Interest Art Institute of Chicago, Field Museum, Museum of Science and Industry, Shedd Aquarium, Adler Planetarium, Brookfield Zoo, Sears Tower
Bordering States Illinois borders Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Kentucky, and Indiana. Illinois also borders Lake Michigan.
Flag Illinois' flag

Follow these links to read articles about Illinois from Encyclopedias and Almanacs:

Official State Links

Other State Links

  • 50states.com: Illinois
    http://www.50states.com/illinois.htm
    The site provides a wealth of information about Illinois. It includes everything from the highest point to county profile to climate.
  • Things To Do in Illinois
    http://www.thingstodo.com/states/IL/index.htm
    ThingsToDo.com is an online guide to information about entertainment, recreation, and travel in Illinois, and includes the state's interesting facts, famous people, and special events.
  • Roadside America: Illinois Attractions
    http://www.roadsideamerica.com/location/il
    Roadside America describes itself as an online guide to offbeat attractions.
  • FedStats: MapStat: United States: Illinois
    http://www.fedstats.gov/qf/states/17000.html
    Fast access to statistics from more than 100 federal agencies on "economic and population trends, crime, education, health care, aviation safety, energy use, farm production and more" in Illinois.
  • Kaskaskia Island is the only part of Illinois that is west of the Mississippi River.
  • The Home Insurance Building in Chicago was the first metal-frame skyscraper in the world. It was built in 1884, and rose 10 stories high.
  • The "Trail of Tears," the forced march of Native Americans from the Cherokee, Creek, and Chickasaw nations from the southeast to reservations in the Oklahoma Terriory, passed through Southern Illinois. Many Native Americans died here in their makeshift camps during the winter of December 1839. The Trail of Tears National Forest, 4 miles north of these camps, was later given its name to commemorate this tragedy.
  • Lewis and Clark stayed at Fort Massac in Southern Illinois during their famous expedition from November 11-13, 1803.

Some Famous People from this State

  • Walt Disney was born in Chicago in 1901. He is known for creating characters such as Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse, Goofy, and Donald Duck. He also made a number of cartoon films, and was the founder of the Walt Disney World and Disneyland theme parks.
  • Bill Murray is an actor and comedian known for movies such as "Caddyshack" and "Groundhog's Day."
  • Presidents from Illinois with links to ipl2's POTUS (Presidents of the United States) page:
    • Ronald Reagan, 40th president of the United States, was born February 6, 1911, in Tampico.
    • Barack Hussein Obama, 44th president of the United States, First African American President, was a member of the Illinois State Senate from 1996-2004 and a United States Senator representing Illinois from 2005-2008.
  • Miles Davis (1926-1991) was from Alton. He was known as a jazz trumpeter, but he also played the flugelhorn and keyboards.